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Filtration Plant

Icely Road Water Treatment Plant

The Icely Road Treatment Plant is designed to treat up to 525 L/s of raw water delivered from Suma Park Pump Station and to produce a supply of filtered, ozonated and chlorinated potable water for use in Orange.

The major process equipment incorporated in the plant is as follows:
1. Four horizontal clarifiers  
2. Eight gravity filters
3. Chemical dosing equipment for Aluminium Chlorohydrate, Soda Ash, Polymer, Fluoride, Chlorine and Ozone
4. Rapid mix flocculation equipment
5. Clear water pumping equipment
6. Ozone generation equipment

Three biologically activated carbon (BAC) filters


Raw water delivered to the plant from Suma Park Pump Station is dosed with ozone prior to the inlet of the plant. It is also dosed with Aluminium Chlorohydrate in the inlet pipe. It then enters the flash mixing tank via the raw water inlet valve.

Polymer is dosed at the flash mixing tank through a diffuser. A variable speed, high speed mixer provides initial mixing of the chemicals in the flash mixing tank.


                  Clarrifier                                     Ozone Plant                                           BAC Filters

The water then flows through a six compartment flocculation tank, fitted with variable speed flocculators, to the inlet channel feeding the four clarifiers. The flocculated water enters the clarifiers through a baffle distributor board and flows horizontally along the clarifiers. Clarified water flows into a collection channel at the end of the clarifiers. This water is distributed to the eight gravity filters.

The water passes through the filters and into a common filtered water channel, and then into the clear water cellar tank. Soda Ash and fluoride are dosed into the cellar.

The filtered water is transferred from the cellar via three clear water pumps to the primary ozonation tank where it is dosed with ozone and detained for a minimum of 16 minutes. It then passes through the three BAC filters and into the clear water tank where it is then transferred via two clear water pumps to the 20ML storage reservoir. Chlorine is dosed at the inlet to this reservoir.

The water is gravity fed into the town reticulation system.

 Chemicals added to Orange water supply



Polyaluminium Chlorohydrate

This is added for the coagulation process which is where very small suspended particles in the water contact each other and form larger particles called floc


This is added to aid the coagulation process and help the floc particles form faster and larger

Soda Ash

This is added for pH correction to bring the pH of the water up to between 7.60 and 7.80 which is the level at which the water is sent into town


This is only added to the water for dental hygiene


This is added to the water for the disinfection process, which is removing any bacteria that may be present within the water


This is a secondary disinfectant that is capable of removing Giardia and Cryptosporidium from the water if they are present

Potassium Permanganate

This is sometimes added to the raw (untreated) water if there are high levels of iron and manganese present

Tests carried out on the water

Tests carried out on the water include: pH, fluoride levels, chlorine residuals, turbidity and manganese levels. These tests are carried out on both the raw and treated water daily to ensure that the water filtration process is working correctly and that the water quality is within the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines.

The Council also monitors the bacteriological levels, fluoride levels, iron levels, manganese levels and aluminium levels from designated sites around the reticulation system.